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Mucopurulent cervicitis (MPC)

What is mucopurulent cervicitis?

Mucopurulent cervicitis, or MPC, means inflammation Of the cervix and is often caused by infection. Infection can be caused by a number of different organisms. The cervix is especially vulnerable because the tissue that covers it may contain large areas of immature cells or cells containing a large amount of fluid. Although chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomonas, or herpes can cause Mucopurulent cervicitis, in most cases no cause can be identified. The cervix can be swabbed for chlamydia and for gonorrhea, and the vaginal discharge can be examined for trichomonas or other infections. Herpes cultures are generally obtained only if the clinical findings suggest herpes.

How can a woman tell if she has Mucopurulent cervicitis?

  • increased vaginal discharge
  • burning during urination
  • pain with intercourse
  • bleeding between periods
  • bleeding after intercourse
  • abdominal pain or tenderness
  • perhaps no symptoms

How does a woman get Mucopurulent cervicitis?

Many of the organisms involved with MPC are transmitted from person to person by direct sexual contact, but in some cases the origin or transmission of the infection is not clear. Most women with MPC do NOT have gonorrhea or chlamydia.

Is Mucopurulent cervicitis dangerous?

Yes! It may cause serious problems if it is not treated early enough. Infection caused by harmful bacteria can spread from the cervix up into the uterus and out into the fallopian tubes causing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This condition may lead to chronic pelvic pain or may make it very difficult to conceive. If conception does take place, the likelihood of a tubal pregnancy is markedly increased. Because Mucopurulent cervicitis can lead to such serious problems, the staff at women's care recommends antibiotic treatment.

How can Mucopurulent cervicitis be prevented?

Mucopurulent cervicitis can usually be prevented by not having sex with anyone (abstinence). Using condoms or having sex only with a non infected partner who has sex only with you is helpful but not always totally effective. It is important to remember that your partner may have an infection and not be aware of it.

An important word

We are aware of the anxiety women feel when there is a question of a sexually transmitted infection, especially for those who are practicing safe sex and/or who are in a monogamous relationship. Remember that the cause of Mucopurulent cervicitis is often unknown or unclear. The important issue is that Mucopurulent cervicitis can be identified and treated. It is imperative that you take all the prescribed medications.

A negative culture does NOT mean that you had no infection at the time cultures were obtained! It only means that the specific bacteria for which you were tested were not the organisms responsible for the infection.

It may be necessary to have your partner examined and/or treated in order to prevent re-infection. Your health care provider will be glad to discuss this or any related issue with you.

Any sex without the protection of a condom places you at greater risk for Mucopurulent cervicitis.

Source: University of South Carolina Student Health Services